Undervoting is where a voter does not record a preference for a particular race, or in the case of a race with more than one vote,  someone votes for less candidates than open positions.

    Why would someone intentionally undervote?  One reason is as a protest vote.  For example, say a voter in California Congressional District 31 is a  Democratic voter, but with California’s top-two primary has the choice of  two Republicans: Gary Miller or Bob Dutton.  Thus, the voter has a choice:  Vote for the Republican that is closer to their own political views, or leave the contest blank.   The motives for intentional undervoting in this situation are as a protest against both candidates, since one would expect either to vote with other Congressional Republicans 99 percent of the time.

    Neither candidate is making too big of a deal that they are both Republicans in the general election.  Both their websites tone down their Republican views to make them more palatable to a district that has a plurality of Democratic voters.  However, Gary Miller’s platform, as shown below, adheres more to Republican orthodoxy than does Bob Dutton.

    Bob Dutton, on his website shares his platform:

    On the Issues

    Job Creation

    This country is facing what most economists consider to be the most serious and the most dangerous economic situation in our lifetime. Government must create policies that allow small and large businesses to put Californians to work and keep our economic engine moving.

    Click here for more information on job creation .

    Federal Deficit

    We must balance the budget in Washington—government consistently spends more than it has and the American people have made it clear they have no appetite for new taxes.


    The first and most important role of government in providing an education is to guarantee a safe environment for our students. We must also ensure that our schools are held accountable, are held to the highest standards possible, and that we are giving local districts local control.

    Health Care

    Government health care rationing would be a catastrophe for the quality of health care in the United States. I believe we can look to proposals that would create health care associations allowing people to pool together to explore healthcare options within their state or even across state lines, rather than imposing a government-run option that reads like a one-size-fits-all approach.

    Public Safety

    Congress must ensure that we create policies that are tough on crime and keep Americans safe. This means we develop no-nonsense policies to ensure that dangerous criminals are prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.


    Israel should receive our unwavering support. As the only true democracy in the Middle East, Israel has been a longtime dependable ally helping to protect America’s interests in the region. Throughout its 60 + year existence its advanced technology industries have allowed it to share with the United States many electronic and cyberspace systems that have contributed to our own security.


    Gary Miller has a similar statement on his website:


    Taxes:  Since coming to Congress, I have been a tireless advocate of lower taxes and a believer that Americans deserve to keep more of their hard earned dollars. As as our economy continues to recover from a deep and prolonged recession, I believe that raising taxes will only hinder economic growth and create additional burdens for American families, who have seen their wages and home values fall, while the cost of energy and many consumer goods continue to climb. For small businesses – which produce a net of two-thirds of all new jobs – higher taxes will further hinder their ability to expand and create jobs. To encourage economic growth, I will continue to use my voice and my vote in Congress to ease the tax burden on every day, hard-working Americans and job creators.
    Education: The future of our nation is dependent upon an educated workforce.  Ensuring that our children have access to a quality education remains a top priority of mine in Congress.  States and local school district must be given the flexibility they need to meet their needs without onerous regulations and mandates from government bureaucrats. At the same time, it is important that appropriate accountability measures be put in place to ensure that our nation’s schools and teachers are preparing students for the knowledge-based, technologically-rich world that awaits them.  I will continue to support state and local innovation in our educational system to give our children the best chance to succeed.
    Budget, Deficit, Debt:  Since President Obama took office, out-of-control federal spending has sent our national debt soaring in excess of $15 trillion, putting the future prosperity of our great nation at risk. This outrageous amount of debt also threatens to undermine our economy’s ability to recover and create jobs. In order to move forward and encourage economic growth, it is essential that we get our nation’s fiscal house in order. The government must put an end to reckless spending, prioritize federal dollars, and implement meaningful measures, including a balanced budget amendment to the Constitution, to get our debt under control. I will continue to pursue these policies in order to address the serious fiscal issues facing our nation.
    Jobs & the Economy: Job creation is vital to our economic recovery. While there have been some recent modest signs of improvement, the sad fact is millions of Americans remain out of work, are struggling to find full-time work, or have dropped out of the labor force altogether. Job creation is essential to our economic recovery. To get more Americans back to work, it is vital that Congress take common-sense steps now to establish a better economic environment for job creators. This includes increasing our nation’s competitiveness in the global economy by opening up new markets for American-made goods, reforming the tax code, paying down our massive national debt, and removing unnecessary and burdensome regulations on job creators. I look forward to working in the House of Representatives this session to help our economy grow and create jobs by restoring the United States to its position as the world leader in innovation and the best place to do business.
    Second Amendment:  I am an adamant defender of the 2nd Amendment.  Congress must not improperly hamper the right of law-abiding citizens to bear arms. If we are to honor and uphold the Constitution, this right cannot be infringed.  While those who use a firearm to commit a crime must be punished, legislation to limit gun rights for those who obey the law will do nothing more but damage our liberties. I believe we can better improve public safety by enforcing current laws on the books to keep guns out of the hands of criminals. I will continue working in Congress to uphold our constitutional right to bear arms.
    Healthcare: I believe it is important that Congress help ensure that current and future generations of Americans have access to affordable, quality health care.  I opposed the President’s health care law, however, because I have serious concerns about its cost, tax increases, large cuts to Medicare, restrictions on patient choice, as well as constitutional concerns about its mandate for all Americans to purchase government-approved health insurance. Instead of costly government mandates, I believe we need free market reforms that will increase patient choice and rein in spiraling health care costs. These include allowing Americans to purchase health insurance across state lines, allow small businesses and the self-employed to pool their resources to purchase health insurance through Association Health Plans, improve health care delivery, and reform the current medical liability system, which forces doctors to either quit practicing medicine, or pay excessively high premiums which raises the cost of providing patient care. I will continue to pursue such common-sense solutions to improve health care quality and affordability.
    Energy & the Environment: Energy independence is vital to our nation’s future prosperity and security. I believe the American people deserve to have an “all of the above” plan that increases the supply of American-made energy in environmentally sound ways, increases alternative forms of energy, and encourages energy and conservation. Increasing access to American-made energy will create new job opportunities here at home, lessen our dependence on oil from unfriendly nations, and help reduce the burden of high gas prices on American families. The United States has long been the world’s leader in innovation and technology. I am confident that we will find solutions to meet the needs of our nation while upholding our commitment to our environment so that future generations of America will continue to enjoy our country’s pristine and unmatched natural beauty.
    Family Values:  In addition to addressing our country’s economic and national security concerns, I have fought in Congress to protect traditional family values and moral integrity. Specifically, I have supported legislation to protect the lives of unborn children and promote a culture of life in the United States, support traditional marriage, and defend the founding principles of our nation. I have also supported efforts to protect Americans’ religious freedom and the religious symbols and traditions which reflect our great country’s heritage of faith. Furthermore, I have long supported protecting the right of parents to make decisions regarding the upbringing of their children without unnecessary government intrusion.
    Transportation & Infrastructure: Essential to a prosperous economy is a functional, efficient, and safe transportation system. Nowhere is this more evident than in Southern California, where our roadways are a vital conduit for transporting billions of dollars worth of goods and services. Despite our need for an efficient and fluid transportation system, our region is facing a crisis in transportation characterized by dramatic growth in commuter and truck traffic, limited transportation funding, and high infrastructure improvement costs. As a senior member of the House Transportation and Infrastructure Committee, I have been a consistent advocate for transportation funding and relief for our region. As Congress considers major highway and infrastructure legislation during this session, I will continue to work on federal policies to address Southern California’s growing transportation and water infrastructure needs.
    Medicare & Social Security: As our nation’s budgetary difficulties are likely to continue for many years, a great deal of discussion has taken place in Congress about the future of Social Security and Medicare.  I believe we must protect these programs for the more than forty million current beneficiaries and for the millions of Americans who will one day rely upon these crucial programs. Any reforms to these Social Security and Medicare must reflect our commitment to those who have spent their entire lives paying into the system, but also ensure that younger workers may achieve financial security and health care in retirement. Because of the importance of these programs, I will closely analyze all alternatives for reform to ensure we keep our promises to today’s seniors, while ensuring the long-term viability of Social Security and Medicare for future beneficiaries. 
    Immigration: There is no doubt that America is an open and welcoming society. Our nation has benefited from the experiences and contributions of the millions of immigrants who have come to our shores seeking increased opportunities and a better life for them and their families. At the same time, we are also a nation of laws. The respect for the rule of law is a core American value that has made us the envy of the world. Unfortunately, our nation’s immigration laws continue to be violated and ignored, to the detriment of U.S. citizens, legal residents, and to those who wish to come to our country legally. Congress must continue efforts to strengthen enforcement along the southwest border, remove loopholes in current law that invites manipulation of our laws, and shut down the job magnet that encourages individuals to enter our country illegally.
    Size of Government: While federal spending and interference in the private sector has grown in recent years, our economy has continued to struggle to recover and create jobs. Big government spending and mandates continues to crowd out private investment, innovation and economic growth. I believe we need a smaller government that restores more autonomy to states and local governments, who know their citizens best. While there are areas in which the federal government must invest in – such as national defense and major transportation infrastructure – Congress has a duty to ensure that taxpayer dollars are spent effectively and wisely. I am confident that the federal government can eliminate such wasteful spending while preserving programs that keep our nation secure, maintain and restore our essential infrastructure, and ensure that those who truly need assistance are cared for. 
    Ontario Airport: The Ontario International Airport is a vital component of our community’s transportation infrastructure, serving San Bernardino and Riverside Counties and portions of north Orange County and east Los Angeles County. The airport serves over 5 million passengers a year, with 93,000 flights on an annual basis. In addition, this facility generates $5.4 billion in economic benefits to the Inland Empire and is directly attributable to over 7,000 jobs. With the increasing congestion at Los Angeles Airport (LAX) and with LAX having no possibility of expanding, it is vital that we maintain a strong and vibrant Ontario airport, which has faced many challenges in recent years. I believe that transferring control of the airport to the city of Ontario will improve service to local residents who utilize its services, relieve the strain that is being placed on other airports around Southern California, and bolster our region’s economy.
    Agriculture:  Agriculture plays a pivotal role in our nation’s economy. We in California enjoy so many fresh foods locally grown due to our wonderful weather and soils. Unfortunately, agriculture has been an overlooked profession that has dwindled in practice over the years. Those who continue to take part in farming are faced with many difficulties and obstacles. As a nation founded and sustained by farmers I believe we must ensure that federal farm policies are properly balanced to meet the needs of those who produce our food and help hard-working American families continue putting food on the table.

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